Before going around astronauts on India’s maiden manned mission to space in December 2021, the Indian Space Research Organisation(ISRO) will send ‘Vyommitra’ on two unmanned missions.
Two unmanned flights and one manned flight will feature during the Gaganyaan Programme. It is intended to accelerate research and development in the field of science and technology, and will also further India’s global space exploration missions in the future.
Over the years, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) has accomplished several milestones. Initiated in 1969, the space agency of the Government of India has put the nation on the world map among the leading space agencies. Post conducting of successful missions like Mars Orbiter Mission, Chandrayaan 1 and Chandrayaan 2 among others, ISRO is pushing the boundaries in space science with every mission. It’s objective is to ensure India reach new heights in the global space economy. ISRO is now preparing for the launch of India’s first human spaceflight, named Gaganyaan. According to Dr Unnikrishnan Nair S, Director of Human Space Flight Centre, ISRO seeks national and international partnerships for collaborating in some of the areas for the Gaganyaan Programme.
On April 2, 1984, Indian Air Force (IAF) pilot Rakesh Sharma arrived at low Earth orbit embarked on a Soviet rocket for a weeklong stay on the Salyut 7 space station. This made him the first and only Indian citizen to venture into space. Now, more than 36 years later, the country that once relied on Russia for getting into orbit is heading towards its very own human spaceflight program, one that plans to commence its first crewed flight, Gaganyaan, in December 2021.
With an aim to exemplify India’s homegrown technology, for the first time in history, the Indian Space Research Organisation (ISRO) will launch three astronauts into low Earth orbit for a minimum of one week. This will be a historic moment for India.
So, to paraphrase the above, we need to know the answers of the following 4 questions-
Who is Vyommitra?
Vyommitra is a female humanoid. She seems to resemble a human but is robotic and developed by ISRO.
Why has she been built?
She has been created for ISRO’s first unmanned Gaganyaan mission.
What can she do?
Vyommitra is well equipped to observe module parameters, alert astronauts and conduct life support operations. According to ISRO chief K Sivan, it will simulate the specific human functions in space and check whether the systems are right. This will be very effective to simulate as if a human is flying.
What is the Gaganyaan mission?
The Gaganyan mission, scheduled for December 2021, is ISRO’s maiden human space mission. Gaganyan will perform two unmanned space flights prior to the manned mission.